Nobuyoshi Araki (荒木 経惟, Araki Nobuyoshi, May 25, 1940) is a Japanese photographer and contemporary artist professionally known by the mononym Arākī (アラーキー). Known primarily for photography that blends eroticism and bondage in a fine art context, he has published over 500 books.[n 1]
Early life and education
Araki was born in Tokyo on May 25, 1940. He studied film and photography at Chiba University from 1959, receiving a degree in 1963. He worked at the advertising agency Dentsu, where, in 1968, he met his future wife, the essayist .
Araki is one of the most prolific Japanese artists. Many of his photographs are erotic, straddling a line between art and pornography. Among his photography books are Sentimental Journey (1971), and Tokyo Lucky Hole (1990). Sentimental Journey "1972–1992" is a diary of life with his wife Yōko, who died of ovarian cancer in 1990. The first part of Sentimental Journey shows the couple embarking on married life—their honeymoon and sexual relations. Pictures taken during Yoko's last days were published in Winter Journey.
Parr and Badger include four of Araki's books in the first volume of their photobook history: Zerokkusu Shashincho 24 (Xeroxed Photo Album), Senchimentaru na Tabi (Sentimental Journey), Tokyo Lucky Hole, and Shokuji (The Banquet).
In 1981, Araki directed High School Girl Fake Diary (女高生偽日記, Jokōsei nise nikki), a film, for the studio Nikkatsu. The film was a disappointment to Araki's fans and to fans of the pink film genre.
The Icelandic musician Björk is an admirer of Araki's work, and served as one of his models. At her request, he photographed the cover and inner sleeve pages of her 1997 remix albumTelegram. More recently, he has photographed pop singer Lady Gaga.
In 2005, an American director, Travis Klose, recorded a documentary about Araki called Arakimentari, which discusses the artist's lifestyle and work.
In 2010, Araki's cat, Chiro, died of old age.
In October 2013, Araki lost vision in his right eye due to a retinal artery obstruction. The 74-year-old artist used the experience as an inspiration to exhibit Love on the left eye, held on 21 June 2014 at Taka Ishii Gallery, Tokyo.
In April 2018, Kaori, a model who posed for Araki from 2001 to 2016, wrote a blog post about her relationship with Araki in which she accused him of financial and artistic exploitation. Kaori stated that "she worked without a contract, was forced to take part in explicit shoots in front of strangers, was not regularly paid and that her nude images were often used without her consent." In 2017, when she requested that he stop republishing or exhibiting some photographs of her, Araki wrote to Kaori, warning that she had no rights. She states that the experience led to psychological trauma and ill health. Kaori stated that the Me Too movement had encouraged her to speak out. The accusations have raised questions about the power dynamics between a photographer and his subject. In order to raise awareness of Kaori's claims, the activist group Angry Asian Girls Association protested the opening of an exhibition of photographs by Araki at C/O Berlin December 2018.
- 1964: Taiyō Prize for photo reportage, Japan.
- 1964: Sun Prize, Japan.
- 1990: Shashin-no-kai Prize from the Photographic Society of Japan
- 1991: 7th Higashikawa Prize.
- 1994: Japan Inter-Design Forum Grand Prix.
- 2008: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art.
Publications by Araki (selected)
- Zerokkusu Shashincho 1–25 = Xeroxed Photo Album 1–25. A series of books self-produced using a photocopier, published from 1970 onwards, each in an edition of 70 copies.
- Senchimentaru na Tabi. = Sentimental Journey.
- Senchimentaru na Tabi. Tokyo: self-published, 1971. Title and text in Japanese. 100 black and white photographs.
- Sentimental Journy. Tokyo: Kawade Shobo Shinsha, 2016. ISBN 978-4-309-27700-4. Facsimile edition. With an introduction in Japanese and English by Araki. Housed in a slipcase with a postcard.
- Tokyo Lucky Hole.
- Tokyo Lucky Hole 1983–1985 Shinjuku Kabuki-cho district. Tokyo: Ohta Shuppan, 1990. 272 pages.
- Tokyo Lucky Hole. Cologne: Taschen. With texts by Akira Suei and Akihito Yasumi translated into English, French and German. 704 pages. 1997, ISBN 9783822881897; 2005, ISBN 9783822846810; 2015, ISBN 9783836556385.
- Shokuji = The Banquet. Tokyo: Magazine House, 1993. 32 black and white and 28 colour photographs. With a text by Araki.
- Self, Life, Death. New York: Phaidon, 2005. Edited by Akiko Miki. ISBN 9780714845555.
- Photography for the Afterlife. Tokyo: Heibonsha, 2014. ISBN 978-4582278118. With an essay by Mario Perniola, "Araki's Hell".
- Tokyo. Munich: Pinakothek der Moderne; Only Photography, 2017. 28 diptychs. With essays. Edition of 300 copies.
- Araki by Araki (in English, French, and German). Cologne: Taschen. 2014. ISBN 978-3836551120. OCLC 917170400. A 560-page retrospective survey of Araki's body of work selected by the artist.
Films by Araki
- High School Girl Fake Diary (女高生偽日記, Jokōsei nise nikki) (1981)
- Ai no Shinsekai (愛の新世界, Ai no Shinsekai) (1994)
- Flower Rondo 3 (2002) – documentary short
- Flower Rondo 4: Kakyoku (2003) – documentary short
- Painting Flowers in the Sky Over the Balcony (2004) – documentary
- Fuyuharu (2004) – documentary short
Films about Araki
- A Live DVD Araki Overseas 1997 – 2000 (2002) – documentary
- Arakimentari (2004) – documentary directed by Travis Klose
Films based on Araki's life
- Tokyo Biyori (1997) – a biographical drama based on the life of Yoko Araki, the wife of Nobuyoshi Araki. Written by Nobuyoshi Araki and Ryo Iwamatsu, and directed by Naoto Takenaka. The Araki couple were portrayed by Naoto Takenaka and Miho Nakayama. Araki makes a cameo as a train conductor.
- 2005: Araki, Anton Kern Gallery, New York City.
- 2006: Implosion (Ten Year Anniversary), Anton Kern Gallery, New York City.
- 2008: Friends and Family, Anton Kern Gallery, New York City.
- 2009: Araki, Anton Kern Gallery, New York City.
- 2010: Exposed: Voyeurism, Surveillance, and the Camera Since 1870, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
- 2015: The Pistils Waltz, Gallery 51, Antwerp.
- 2018: The Incomplete Araki, Museum of Sex, New York City
- 2018: Nobuyoshi Araki: KATA-ME, Rat Hole Gallery
- 2018: Nobuyoshi Araki: Monstrous Paradise, RuArts Gallery, Moscow
Araki's work is held in the following permanent public collections:
- Israel Museum, Jerusalem
- Tate, London
- San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
- Art Institute of Chicago
- The National Science and Media Museum, Bradford, UK
- The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
- Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt
- Goetz Collection, Munich, Germany
- The number depends on such things as how new compilations of previously published are counted. But as of 2005 Kōtarō Iizawa counted 357 in Araki-bon! 1970–2005 (荒木本！ 1970–2005) / A Book of Araki Books! 1970–2005 (Tokyo: Bijutsu Shuppansha, 2006; ISBN 4-568-12071-3). (Despite the alternative title in English, the book is only in Japanese.)
- "Araki Nobuyoshi: An Artistic Rebel, Unbowed". 20 February 2017.
- Farago, Jason (28 February 2018). "A Maverick of Japanese Photography, Bound Tight to Ritual" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Joshua Decter on Nobuyoshi Araki". www.artforum.com.
- Lynne Warren (15 November 2005). Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Photography, 3-volume set. Routledge. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-1-135-20536-2.
- "Nobuyoshi Araki". SFMOMA.
- "Nobuyoshi Araki: Untitled (1997)". Phaidon.
- Moshakis, Alex (8 May 2013). "Is Nobuyoshi Araki's photography art or porn?". The Guardian.
- "Interview with Nobuyoshi Araki". invisiblephotographer.
- Martin Parr; Gerry Badger (2004). The Photobook: A History, Volume I. London: Phaidon. p. 274,286. ISBN 978-0-7148-4285-1.
- Sharp, Jasper (2008). Behind the Pink Curtain: The Complete History of Japanese Sex Cinema. Guildford: FAB Press. p. 218. ISBN 978-1-903254-54-7.
- Weisser, Thomas; Yuko Mihara Weisser (1998). Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films. Miami: Vital Books: Asian Cult Cinema Publications. p. 196. ISBN 1-889288-52-7.
- "Five celebrities shot by the notorious photographer Araki".
- Kurt Easterwood, "Araki's latest work born of his fight with cancer", Japanexposures.com, 7 October 2009. Accessed October 24, 2010.
- "Photographer Nobuyoshi Araki × Chiro 'Japan's Most Famous Cat'".
- "Nobuyoshi Araki: Love on the Left Eye".
- Alessandra Turra (December 30, 2014), Nobuyoshi Araki Lenses Bottega Veneta Campaign Women's Wear Daily.
- Frank, Priscilla (February 21, 2018). "Will Nobuyoshi Araki Be Photography's Last Legendary Dirty Old Man? (NSFW)". The Huffington Post.
- Rich, Motoko (May 5, 2018). "When an Erotic Photographer's Muse Becomes His Critic". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
- Shiraishi, Sakiko (April 25, 2018). "#MeToo Japan: What happened when women broke their silence". BBC News. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
- Selvin, Claire (December 10, 2018). "'Are You Sure Your Knowledge Is Correct?': Asian Women's Group Protests Photographer Nobuyoshi Araki in Berlin". ARTnews. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
- "Araki's World - Solo Exhibition of Nobuyoshi Araki".
- "The Lucie Awards | Nobuyoshi Araki".
- Look Japan. Look Japan. 1991.
- "Nobuyoshi Araki". Artuner.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1875. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Tokyo biyori (1997)". Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "Araki". Anton Kern Gallery. Accessed 3 March 2018.
- "Exposed Voyeurism, Surveillance, and the Camera since 1870". San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
- "The Pistils Waltz on artnet". www.artnet.com.
- "Nobuyoshi Araki 2018 Exhibitions Rathole Gallery". www.ratholegallery.com.
- Nobuyoshi Araki collection at the Israel Museum. Retrieved September 2016.
- Tate. "Nobuyoshi Araki born 1940 - Tate". Tate.
- sfmoma.org Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
- "Nobuyoshi Araki, Tokyo Cube #102, 1994". Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago.
- "Untitled (C-58-17-1) - The Art Institute of Chicago". Art Institute of Chicago.
- "Nobuyoshi Araki 1940". Science Museum, London. Accessed 3 March 2018.
- Grrr.nl. "Nobuyoshi Araki". Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam.
- "Artists A-Z ::: Museum für Moderne Kunst Frankfurt am Main". Museum für Moderne Kunst.
- "Street Life & Home Stories.Photographs from the Goetz Collection - Sammlung Goetz". Goetz Collection.
- Official website (in Japanese)
- "Nobuyoshi Araki: Intimate photography: Tokyo, nostalgia and sex" by C. B. Liddell at The Japan Times