Christian Andrew William Thompson AO (born 1978), also known as Christian Bumbarra Thompson, is a contemporary Australian artist. Of Bidjara heritage on his father's side, his Aboriginal identity has played an important role in his work, which includes photography, video installations and sound recordings. After being awarded the Charlie Perkins Scholarship, to complete his doctorate in Fine Arts at Oxford University, he has spent much time in England. His work has been extensively exhibited in galleries around Australia and internationally.

Early life, influences and education

Thompson was born in Gawler, South Australia, north of Adelaide, and trained as an artist in Toowoomba, Queensland. He is of Bidjara (an Aboriginal Australian people of central southwestern Queensland) heritage on his father's side, of the Kunja (Gunya) language group.[1] He also has English, Irish, Norwegian and Sephardic Jewish ancestry.[2][3] Thompson's great-great-grandfather is King Billy of Bonny Doon Lorne, a senior tribesman of the Bidjara people who reigned for many years over the district.[4]

Thompson had an itinerant childhood, following his father's career in the RAAF,[5] and lived in Darwin, Wagga Wagga, Raymond Terrace, Toowoomba, and Adelaide, along with his three brothers. He spent his formative years and family holidays in Barcaldine and in the bush learning the culture and traditions of his father's people from his grandmother and great aunts.[3] Many of his family members were creative artists, so he "grew up surrounded by creative people". He was greatly encouraged by his art teacher.[5]

He undertook his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Toowoomba at the University of Southern Queensland, and in 1999 he relocated to Melbourne to undertake his Honours in Fine Art at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology.[6]

While studying at Toowoomba and Melbourne, Thompson was heavily inspired by Fluxus artists George Maciunas and Yoko Ono, as well Andy Warhol and many others. He grew up immersed in music and culture of the 1980s and '90s and identified strongly with punk music.[5]

He was an active member of the Melbourne art community, exhibiting his own work and curating group exhibitions. He undertook a curatorial internship at the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, and was on the curatorial group for shows Contemporary Commonwealth at the National Gallery of Victoria and the Australian Centre for the Moving Image. He established the MHUL Workshop, an annual workshop for young Indigenous artists from across Australia.[citation needed]

In 2009 he completed a Masters of Theatre degree at the DasArts, part of the Amsterdam School of the Arts. In 2010 he transferred to the Ruskin School of Art[7][5] at the University of Oxford, after being awarded the Charlie Perkins Scholarship, to complete his doctorate (Doctorate of Philosophy (Fine Art)[7]}. He was one of the first two Indigenous Australians to attend Oxford.[3]

He moved to London some time after his time at Oxford.[8] He said in 2014 that "a third of my life experiences and memories [were] attached to Europe", after his time in the Netherlands and England, and he had a worldview, which influenced his work. As his mother's family was from Bampton, Oxfordshire,[8] he also grew up surrounded by British television shows, and he looked to England rather than the United States, as many young people of his age did.[5]

Career

Thompson meditated on the relationship between form and performance, and his early works focused on the relationship to the human form. He later moved into photography and video as a means to capture the performative qualities of his textile-based sculptures and elaborate costumes.[9]

Thompson established himself in 2002 in the Australian art world with his first series, Blaks Palace, a series of photographs and giant oversized sweaters. Thompson's most notable works include his series Emotional Striptease, The Gates of Tambo and more recently his series Australian Graffiti, which are held in the collections of the National Gallery of Australia and the Art Gallery of New South Wales and AAMU in Utrecht, the Netherlands. His work deals with the nature of identity as an ever-evolving and uncharted terrain, bringing together a variety of seemingly disparate forms and themes. He undertook his first major public art project through the Future Arts Research program at the Arizona State University,[10] Dartmouth College, and Massey University International Art Residency, Wellington, New Zealand.[citation needed]

His series of photographs Lost Together was made in the Netherlands where Thompson undertook a residency program at DasArts developing his live performance work which brought together his Bidjara and European heritage, combining classical music, traditional rhythms and lyrical narratives into richly textured, lilting and evocative arrangements. His sound based work is concerned with the innate lyricism of his traditional language and the expression of this in contemporary traditional and experimental musical forms. His work has appeared in various national and international publications including Frieze, Art and Australia, Art Monthly, Realtime, Art Review, Vogue magazine and in Susan Bright's book Auto Focus published by Thames & Hudson. Thompson was also shortlisted and highly commended for the Kate Challis RAKA Award and in 2011 for the Blake Prize and the Basil Sellers Art Prize.[citation needed]

Exhibitions and gallery holdings

He has presented his photographs, videos and performance work in numerous solo and group exhibitions nationally and internationally. He was the first Aboriginal studio artist at Gertrude Street Contemporary Art Spaces 2006–2007,[11] Melbourne. In 2008 he began international residencies at DasArts Advanced Studies for Performing Arts, Amsterdam, and Arizona State University in the United States. His work is held in many public and private collections in Australia and overseas, including the National Gallery of Australia, National Gallery of Victoria, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Queensland Art Gallery, the Kluge-Ruhe Aboriginal Art Collection of the University of Virginia, the Peter Klein Collection (Eberdingen, Germany), Latrobe Regional Gallery (Morwell, Australia), Aboriginal Art Museum (Utrecht, the Netherlands), Myer Collection (Melbourne, Australia), City of Melbourne Collection, the Pat Corrigan Collection, Artbank, Cate Blanchett and Andrew Upton collection and private collections.[12]

His work was included in the 17th International Biennale of Sydney The Beauty of Distance - Songs of Survival in a Precarious Age, curated by David Elliot,[citation needed] and the 2018 Adelaide Biennial of Australian Art Before and After Science.[13] curated by Sarah Tutton and .

His 2010 series King Billy is held by the Perth Institute of Contemporary Art. The work a tribute to his great-great-grandfather, King Billy of Bonnie Doon Lorne.[4]

In 2011 Thompson undertook international residencies at the Australia Council for the Arts Greene street Studio in New York and the Fonderie Darling Studio in Montreal. His work Gamu Mambu from the Sydney Biennale was included in a major exhibition of Korean and Australian art at the Museum of Contemporary Art Australia.[citation needed]

Thompson's video work HEAT 2010 was included in the National Gallery of Australia's 2nd National Indigenous Art Triennial: unDISCLOSED in 2012.[14]

His 2011 video work Dhagunyilangu, meaning brother, employs a British male opera singer to interpret the song written in Bidjara, one of many Aboriginal languages which have been lost during colonisation.[15] It was included in the TarraWarra Biennial in Melbourne[16] as well as the Pitt Rivers Museum at Oxford University in 2012, as part of the photographic series, We Bury Our Own.[17] He said in 2015 that the impact of this series on other artists and academics had been the most rewarding thing for him in his career to date.[8]

In 2014 he became the first recipient of the Massey University International Arts Residency in Wellington, New Zealand[18] He collaborated with James Young, former collaborator of Nico, and recorded his own version of Dhagunyilangu and created a video work of himself singing in Bidjara. The video work titled Refuge is part of a larger series of works titled Eight Limbs shown at the , Wellington, in 2014.

In January 2015, Oxford's Trinity College took down the old paintings in its dining room for the first time in over 400 years to display an exhibition of Thompson's work.[8]

The first survey of his work, an exhibition called Ritual Intimacy, presented in association with Monash University Museum of Art (MUMA) and curated by Hetti Perkins and Charlotte Day], was mounted at UNSW Art & Design Galleries in Paddington from May to July 2018.[19] after being mounted at MUMA, Griffith University Art Museum in Brisbane and the Samstag Museum of Art in Adelaide.[3]

From May 2018 he worked on his first virtual reality project,[3] under the Australian Centre for the Moving Image Mordant Family VR Commission. It was mounted at ACMI in May 2019, titled Bayi Gardiya (Singing Desert). In the seven-minute installation, Thompson sings in the Bidjara language, which had been lost but is being revived. Thompson is the first recipient of the Mordant Family Commission VR, a three-year program worth A$240,000 to support artists who have never worked in VR before.[20]

Recognition

References

  1. ^ "Christian Thompson". MGA: the Australian home of photography. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Christian Thompson". Monash Gallery of Art: the Australian home of photography. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Carey, Patrick (23 May 2018). "Exhibition charts Christian Thompson's ongoing wanderlust". ABC News. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Christian Thompson: Biography". Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts (PICA). 2010. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e Thompson, Christian (10 November 2014). "Christian Thompson interview: 'My work does not need to be read through the optical lens of my race'". Studio International (Interview). Interviewed by McKenzie, Janet. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "RMIT alumni receive Queen's Birthday honours". RMIT University. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Christian Thompson - University of Oxford". Academia.edu (in Afrikaans). 3 August 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Sebag-Montefiore, Clarissa (21 August 2015). "Indigenous artist forges new path". BBC News. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Christian Bumbarra Thompson". Art Gallery of NSW. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  10. ^ "F.A.R. (Future Arts Research) Launches at Arizona State University". 11 September 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  11. ^ "Vote Yes - An Aboriginal Thompson Project: Christian Thompson: 26 May – 10 Jun 2006". West Space. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Christian Thompson CV". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Christian Thompson". 2018 Adelaide Biennial of Australian Art. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  14. ^ "unDISCLOSED: 2nd National Indigenous Art Triennial". National Gallery of Australia. 19 September 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Christian Thompson - Dhagunyilangu". Michael Reid. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  16. ^ "in the loop sept 5: quick picks & opportunities: tarrawarra biennial 2012: sonic spheres". RealTime. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Christian Thompson: We Bury Our Own". Pitt Rivers Museum. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  18. ^ "New international arts residency has contemporary focus". Massey University. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  19. ^ "Christian Thompson: Ritual Intimacy". UNSW Art & Design. 14 July 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Dr Christian Thompson AO: Bayi Gardiya (Singing Desert)". ACMI. Retrieved 16 April 2020.

Further reading

External links