Early life and education
Gutmann was born in 1905 in Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland) to an upper-middle-class Jewish family. He earned a degree in art from and moved to Berlin in 1927, earning a post-graduate degree at Preussisches Shulkollegium for Hohere Erziehung.
Berlin was the greatest city in the world when I lived there - in the late 1920s, early 1930s. It was the most sophisticated, the most decadent city, and it attracted the most powerful assembly of creative talents in the world. The greatest theater, movies, art. Everyone was there ...
[San Francisco was] very refreshing to me. I had had enough of art with a capital A, culture with a capital K. It was liberating to come to a place so backward in art and aesthetics.— John Gutmann, 1989 San Francisco Examiner profile
Being Jewish, he was unable to exhibit his paintings or get a job teaching in Nazi Germany, and so he emigrated to the United States, arriving in San Francisco in late 1933. Gutmann reinvented himself as a photographer before he left Germany, purchasing a Rolleiflex and signing a photojournalism contract with Presse-Photo in 1933. He continued to work as a photojournalist for Presse-Photo from the West Coast until he signed on with PIX in 1936, an agency he worked with until 1962.
After arriving in San Francisco, one of the first news stories he documented was the 1934 West Coast waterfront strike. His work on other stories was later published in popular contemporary newsmagazines such as Time, Look, and The Saturday Evening Post. Some of his photographs of the Golden Gate International Exposition were published in Life in 1939. At the same time, he started teaching at San Francisco State College in 1936 and founded the photography department there in 1946.
Gutmann taught at SF State until 1973. After his retirement, he began printing images from his archives, and began exhibiting his work at the Fraenkel Gallery and Castelli Graphics in the late 1970s. His work was later packaged into a traveling exhibition, "Beyond the Document", which moved from SFMOMA to the Museum of Modern Art and Los Angeles County Museum of Art starting in 1989.
I photographed the popular culture of the United States differently from American photographers. I saw the enormous vitality of the country. I didn't see it as suffering. The urban photographers here took pictures that showed the negative side of the Depression, but my pictures show the almost bizarre, exotic qualities of the country. ... I was seeing America with an outsider's eyes - the automobiles, the speed, the freedom, the graffiti ...— John Gutmann, 1989 San Francisco Examiner profile
He enjoyed taking photos of ordinary things and making them seem special. Kenneth Baker, art critic for the San Francisco Chronicle, wrote in 1997 that Gutmann was "an emissary of European modernism" who "brought a distinct angle of vision to the American scene" and his images demonstrated his "excitement of his witness to the [Depression-era] times". David Bonetti, art critic for the San Francisco Examiner, called Gutmann's output from the 1930s "his best–when, a young Jewish refugee, he experienced America as a bemused stranger in a strange land. Gutmann fell in love with Depression-era America, which he traveled by Greyhound Bus Line. He saw its cars, its rites and festival, its athletes, its women, its vibrant African American communities and its dynamic street life with European eyes."
He created the John Gutmann Photography Fellowship Award, through the San Francisco Foundation.
Gutmann's work is held in the following permanent public collections:
- Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
- Art Institute of Chicago
- Cantor Arts Center, Stanford University
- Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio
- Figge Art Museum, Davenport, Iowa
- Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland
- Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
- Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
- San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
- 1941: Wondrous World, Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco.
- 1941: Image of Freedom, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
- 1947: The Face of the Orient, Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco.
- 1974: John Gutmann, Light Gallery, New York.
- 1976: as i saw it, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
- 1985: Gutmann, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
- 1990: Talking Pictures, 1934-1989, Fahey/Klein Gallery, Los Angeles.
- 1998: John Gutmann, Rastlosese Amerika der 30er Jahre, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland.
- Gutmann, John; Kozloff, Max (May 1984). The Restless Decade: John Gutmann's Photographs of the Thirties. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0810916586.
- Gutmann, John; Phillips, Sandra S. (March 2000). Culture Shock: The Photography of John Gutmann. London, England: Merrell. ISBN 978-1858940977.
- Gutmann, John; Stein, Sally (22 September 2009). John Gutmann: The Photographer at Work. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300123319.
- Bonetti, David (13 June 1998). "John Gutmann, photographer as outsider". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Schwartz, Stephen (17 June 1998). "John Gutmann". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "John Gutmann: Chronology". johngutmann.org. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Renwick, Brenda (2006). "Klinsky Archive: Notes on Photographers" (PDF). AGO Internal Report. p. 1.
- Loke, Margarett (17 June 1998). "John Gutmann, 93, Painter Who Became a Photographer". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "San Francisco opens its Golden Gate Exposition with wild west wallop". Life. Vol. 6 no. 10. 6 March 1939. pp. 11–15, 77. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "John Gutmann: Beyond the Document" (PDF) (Press release). The Museum of Modern Art. April 1990. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
His photographs are conditioned by his ability to sense the apparent strangeness of his subjects and to transform the ordinary into the extraordinary.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Baker, Kenneth (15 March 1997). "Goldin's Friends on view / Self-involved photos at Fraenkel". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
But not everyone is aware that he founded the photography program at San Francisco State University, where he taught for many years. In recognition of his contribution to the school's arts programs, SFSU has staged a retrospective of his work titled "Parallels in Focus."CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
As a recent immigrant and an emissary of European modernism, Gutmann brought a distinct angle of vision to the American scene, reflected literally in famous images like "Elevator Garage" (1937) and "From the North Tower of the Golden Gate Bridge" (1947).
The excitement of his witness to the times is felt in almost every image, but it may be most vivid in a 1934 ferryboat view of the Golden Gate, empty of all but the north tower of the bridge.
- Bonetti, David (3 March 2000). "Rodin exhibition worth its weight in bronze". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Conditions for Publications of Photographs by John Gutmann" (PDF). Center for Creative Photography. Retrieved 19 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Collection Rijksmuseum
- "exhibitions". Retrieved 15 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)